Dr. Jacqueline Laures-Gore. Jacqueline Laures-Gore’s research is published in highly regarded journals, such as Journal of Speech-Language-Hearing Research, Aphasiology, Brain and Language and Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation. Current projects include stress and aphasia, alternative treatments in aphasia and the Atlanta Motor Speech Disorders Corpus.
While motor speech disorders such as dysarthria and apraxia of speech often co-occur with aphasia, these are clearly not language impairments that would, on their own, qualify a patient for a diagnosis of primary progressive aphasia.
Motor speech disorders are a class of speech disorders that disturb the body's natural ability to speak due to neurologic impairments. These neurologic impairments make it difficult for individuals with motor speech disorders to plan, program, control, coordinate, and execute speech productions. Disturbances to the individual's natural ability to speak vary in their etiology based on the.
Speech disorders affect a person's ability to produce sounds that create words, and they can make verbal communication more difficult. Types of speech disorder include stuttering, apraxia, and.
Motor Speech disorders are characterized by difficulty moving the muscles needed for speech production due to weakness or reduced coordination. Difficulty producing words may or may not correlate with aphasia and cognitive-linguistic impairments (difficulty understanding or using language).
Testing for Aphasia. You should see a doctor if you have trouble speaking or understanding what people say. A doctor will determine if there is a medical cause for your problem. A speech-language pathologist, or SLP, will test your speech and language skills. The SLP will ask you about the problems you have and what you want to work on.
Motor speech disorders are impairments in the systems and mechanisms that control the movements necessary for the production of speech. They are a group of disorders resulting from disturbances in muscular control, weakness, slowness, or incoordination of the speech mechanism due to damage to the central nervous system.
BACKGROUND:Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) and conditions that overlap with it can be accompanied by motor speech disorders. Recognition and understanding of motor speech disorders can contribute to a fuller clinical understanding of PPA and its management as well as its localization and underlying pathology.
Acquired motor speech disorders are changes to voice and speech associated with damage to the central and peripheral nervous systems. This includes disorders associated with the nerve-muscle junction, e.g. myasthenia gravis and with muscle function, e.g. muscular dystrophies.
Motor speech disorders include two primary categories, apraxia and dysarthria. In order to produce speech, every person must coordinate a range of muscles and muscle groups, including those controlling the larynx with the vocal cords, the lips, the tongue, the jaw and the respiratory system.
Motor speech relies on a complex interaction of the resonatory, respiratory, articulatory, and laryngeal neuromuscular systems. 1 Coordination of the neuromuscular components of the latter three systems is also essential for the execution of swallowing. Different neurological disorders affecting motor speech production may give it particular features that aid in anatomically localizing the.
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Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder resulting from neurological injury of the motor component of the motor-speech system and is characterized by poor articulation of speech sounds. Any of the speech subsystems (respiration, phonation, resonance, prosody, and articulation) can be affected, leading to impairments in intelligibility, audibility, naturalness, and efficiency of vocal communication.
Motor Speech Disorders: Substrates, Differential Diagnosis, and Management Joseph R. Duffy With expanded and updated information including current techniques, approaches, and case studies, the 3rd edition of this bestselling book continues its reputation as a dependable and outstanding evidence-based source on acquired motor speech disorders in adults.
The clinician reported “a mild apraxia of speech (AOS) that is more pronounced than a subtle aphasia,” and also stated that “progressive AOS, when it is a prominent manifestation of degenerative neurologic disease, and worse than any accompanying aphasia, is frequently associated with tauopathies such as progressive supranuclear palsy or corticobasal degeneration.” (Tauopathies are a.Motor-Speech Disorders About. Motor-speech disorders are speech disorders resulting from neurological damage that affects the motor control of speech muscles or motor programming of speech movements. The most common motor-speech disorders are dysarthria and apraxia of speech.Both aphasia and apraxia are speech disorders, and both can result from brain injury most often to areas in the left side of the brain. However apraxia is different from aphasia in that it is not an impairment of linguistic capabilities but rather of the more motor aspects of speech production.